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The Aftermath of a “Leave” Vote

The Aftermath of a “Leave” Vote

| June 24, 2016

Citizens of the United Kingdom voted last night in favor of their country to leave the European Union (E.U.). This outcome to a large extent rejects the status quo in world economic relations, and may elevate market uncertainty over the near term investment horizon. It is important to note that while this transition will not be resolved quickly as policymakers will need time to negotiate new agreements and regulations, it is not a global crisis event. As the markets adjust to new realities, investment opportunities will also arise. In the meantime, we continue to invest for the long-term, focusing our portfolios on prudent diversification with a measure of downside protection.

The vote on whether Britain should remain in the E.U. was caused by a combination of factors, some unique to Britain and some broader, including an anti-globalization sentiment that has taken hold in many parts of the developed world. Growing income inequality in developed countries may be a possible root cause of this, leading to a backlash against current policies and politicians. The trend has undeniably played some role in the rather interesting U.S. presidential primaries as well.

The market reaction to the “leave” vote news has been swift, and for now investors are remaining conservative and are bidding up safety assets as insurance against the uncertainty posed by possible complications from Britain’s exit from the E.U. Polling before the actual vote had been close, causing equities to move up in the early part of this week as a “leave” result seemed less likely. However, after the exit vote a “risk-off” sentiment took hold, causing a still modest selloff in equities, while traditional safe haven assets such as gold and government bonds are trading higher.

In situations like this we are often reminded that the while the equity markets may be volatile in periods of uncertainty, they tend to recover over time as the focus returns to fundamentals. The chart below shows equities reaction to similar events, and to the extent that history repeats, there is a chance of a stock market recovery over the near term.

Source: Charles Schwab, Bloomberg; Data as of 6/23/2016

With the “Brexit” headline in the rearview mirror, we are starting to shift attention back to fundamentals and to central bank actions. On the fundamentals side we see a U.S. or global recession as unlikely, with tepid economic growth continuing. The secular bull market is likely to extend, albeit with more measured gains. Central banks remain accommodative, and the monetary stimulus should provide a floor to valuations and a measure of protection from bear market downside. If there is a silver lining in the vote last night, it looks like the Federal Reserve is on hold and not likely to raise interest rates anytime soon. However, as possible unconventional monetary policies are introduced, their effects may contribute to market volatility. The resulting increased dispersion in returns may offer opportunities for active managers to differentiate themselves, and the use of a mix of active and passive strategies remains prudent.

We view the possibility of any meaningful equity market sell-offs this summer as an opportunity to deploy sidelined capital. There may also be good risk/reward opportunities in high yield bonds given a potential for credit spread contraction and in dividend-paying equities as cash flow becomes an increasingly important part of total return in the slower growth global economy that we currently anticipate.

Again, the elevated global uncertainty may likely cause the Federal Reserve to hold from its tightening stance, which reinforces our view that interest rates will be lower for longer. However, given sub-1.6% 10-year Treasury rates in the short-term, the risk is now greater that rates may increase from here, so some caution is warranted regarding interest rate sensitivity. There also is an indication of some inflation pressure building, which could provide a compelling opportunity within commodities and/or inflation-protected securities. Stabilizing energy prices and a steady U.S. dollar should provide opportunities in emerging markets, given their lengthy period of under performance.

We believe that the markets may be range-bound, and there may still be upside left, as result of which we do not recommend drastic deviations from long-term stock/bond targets. Within stocks, we still favor domestic equities; however, opportunities in international developed markets have increased. Within fixed income, we continue to maintain a somewhat defensive position; although, we favor an allocation toward the long end of the duration spectrum as longer term rates are likely to be more stable. Lastly, to mitigate unforeseen volatility in an increasingly uncertain environment, we believe it prudent to retain an allocation to alternative investments that have low correlations to traditional investments. Case in point, the positive reaction of gold prices to the Brexit news shows how low correlated investments potentially offer diversification benefits in times of market stress.
Last night’s news is still evolving as investors determine the short-term and long-term impacts the global economy and world financial markets. You can expect additional updates as the ramifications become more clear.

This report is created by Cetera Investment Management LLC

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